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APA Referencing Style Guide

Blogs

  • For messages posted to an online community, like a blog, the subject line of the message is not in italics

Blog post

Reference list entry:

Hirst, M. (2009, April 3). Public television for $1 a day [Web log post]. Retrieved from http://ethicalmartini.wordpress.com/2009/04/03/public-television-for-1-a-day/

  • Blog posts are part of a series and so the title of the post is not in italics

In-text citations guide  

YouTube video

YouTube video

Reference list entry:

Bellofolletti. (2009, April 8). Ghost caught on surveillance camera [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dq1ms2JhYBI&feature=related

  • If only the screen name is available, in this case Bellofolletti, give that as the author

Reference list entry:

Dunning, B. (Producer). (2011, January 12). inFact: Conspiracy theories [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AEijdTeBMRM&list=UUG9DGRmeyQZAlcCD4JGMilQ&index=5&feature=plcp

  • For retrievability, the person who posted the video is put in the author position
  • If they have a screen name put that in [...] immediately after, using capitals or not, just as it appears on YouTube

In-text citations guide  

Video podcasts

Video podcast

Reference list entry:

Dunning, B. (Producer). (2011, January 12). inFact: Conspiracy theories [Video podcast]. Retrieved from http://itunes.apple.com/

  • Videos can be available in many places online - cite the version that you viewed

In-text citations guide  

Audio podcast

Audio podcast

Reference list entry:

Van Nuys, D. (Producer). (2007, April 7). The anatomy of a lobotomist [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.shrinkrapradio.com/2007/04/07/84-anatomy-lobotomist

  • Name the producer if you can
  • If the podcast is from iTunes simply give the home page url, e.g. Retrieved from http://itunes.apple.com

In-text citations guide  

Facebook or Twitter feed

Facebook or Twitter feed

Facebook or Twitter message