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EndNote for Mac

General notes

See APA Referencing Style Guide – Webpages for definitive examples of APA-compliant references.

Webpages – common issues

Retrieval dates

When referencing information from a webpage you will need to include a retrieval date (the date you accessed the page) if the page is likely to change. For example

  • Websites are likely to change or be updated – DO include a retrieval date
  • PDF documents downloaded from the web are not likely to change - DO NOT include a retrieval date
  • If in doubt, DO include a retrieval date

The format for retrieval date details is Month Day, Year, e.g.,

October 31, 2016

Depending on the reference type, the field for the retrieval may be labelled 

  • Access Date
  • Access Year
  • Date Accessed

Underlining in URLS

  • URLs in reference lists should not be underlined to ensure hidden underscores are removed
  • If this does not happen automatically when you create a plain text version, highlight the reference list and press <Ctrl-U> twice

Workarounds: Webpages

Resource Reference type Tips Example
Webpage, with author but no date Web page To include the retrieval date:
  • enter the month and day in the Access Date field
  • enter the year in the Access Year field

In the Year field, enter n.d. (this means no date).

Flesch, R. (n.d.). How to write plain English. Retrieved October 3, 2017, from http://www.mang.canterbury.ac.nz/writing_guide/writing/flesch.shtml

Webpage with corporate author (an organisation or group) Web page

Include the retrieval date (see above).

In the Author field, add a comma at the end of the corporate author name.

New Zealand Government. (2008). Digital strategy. Retrieved April 12, 2009, from http://www.digitalstrategy.govt.nz/

Webpage with no author Web page Include the retrieval date (see above).

Rugby World Cup 2011 pools announced. (2008). Retrieved May 1, 2009, from http://www.rugbyworldcup.com/mediazon/news/newsid=2027914.html#rugby+world+cup+2011+pools+announced

Workarounds: Website documents

Resource Reference type Tips Example
PDF from a website Electronic Book

Ministry of Health. (2010). Customary tattooing guidelines for operators. Retrieved from http://www.moh.govt.nz/moh.nsf/pagesmh/10068/$File/customary-tattooing-guidelines-for-operators-apr2010v2.pdf

Annual report (PDF) from a website Electronic Book (or Report)

In the Author field, add a comma at the end of the corporate author name.

Radio New Zealand. (2008). Annual report 2007-2008. Retrieved from http://static.radionz.net.nz/assets/pdf_file/0010/1796761/Radio_NZ_Annual_Report_2008.pdf

Annual report (PDF) from a database Electronic Book (or Report)

In the Author field, add a comma at the end of the corporate author name.

In the URL field, include the database homepage URL but remove the ezproxy details.

Auckland International Airport. (2008). We're in a great place: Annual report 2008. Retrieved from http://companyresearch.nzx.com

ERIC document Electronic Book In the URL field, enter ERIC database followed by the accession number in brackets.

Brewster, C., & Railsback, J. (2002). Full-day kindergarten: Exploring an option for extended learning. Retrieved from ERIC database (ED472733)

PowerPoint slides freely available online

 

Web page In the Type of Medium field, enter PowerPoint slides

Sontheimer, R. (2009). Changes in APA formatting: APA 6th edition [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from www.writing

Workarounds: Blogs, podcasts, Youtube

Resource Reference type Tips Example
Blog post Blog To enter the date of the blog post:
  • enter the month and day in the Date field
  • enter the year in the Year field

In the URL field, enter the homepage URL of the blog.

In the Description field, enter Blog post

Note: the subject line (title) of a blog post is not italicised.

Hirst, M. (2009, April 3). Public television for $1 a day [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://ethicalmartini.wordpress.com/2009/04/03/public-television-for-1 -a-day/

YouTube video Blog To enter the date of the video:
  • enter the month and day (if applicable) in the Date field
  • enter the year in the Year field

In the Description field, enter Video file

Note: YouTube video titles, like blog post titles, are not italicised.

Norton, R. (2006, November 4). How to train a cat to operate a light switch [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IkMO9PVuKg

Audio podcast Film or broadcast

Enter the name of the producer in the Director field, adding an extra comma after the family name, putting a period after the initial, and entering (Producer) after the name:
Van Nuys,, D. (Producer)

To enter the date the podcast was released:

  • enter the month and day (if applicable) in the Access Date field
  • enter the year in the Year Released field

In the Medium field, enter Audio podcast​

Van Nuys, D. (Producer). (2007, April 7). The anatomy of a lobotomist [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.shrinkrapradio.com/2007/04/07/84-the-anatomy-of-a-lobotomist/

Workarounds: Wikis

Resource Reference type Tips Example
Wikipedia entry Electronic Book Section In the Year field, enter n.d. (this means no date).

In the Title field, enter the title of the Wikipedia entry.

In the Book Title field, enter Wikipedia

In the Access Date field, enter both the date the page was accessed AND the URL, in the format: Month Day, Year, from URL, e.g.:
May 2, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_warming

Leave the URL field empty.

Kakapo. (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved October 26, 2017, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kakapo

Wiki site with no date Electronic Book Section

Follow the tips for a Wikipedia entry.

Psychometric assessment. (n.d.). In The psychology wiki. Retrieved January 28, 2009, from http://psychology.wikia.com/wiki/Psychometric_assessment

Workarounds: BlackBoard

Resource Reference type Tips Example
Course notes from Blackboard Book

In the Type of Work field, enter Course notes

In the Place of Publication field, enter the paper name and number.

In the URL field enter 
https://blackboard.aut.ac.nz/

Moir, T.J. (2017). Engineering research methodology [Course notes]. ENGE802 Engineering research methodology. Retrieved from https://blackboard.aut.ac.nz/

PowerPoint slides from Blackboard Book

In the Type of Work field, enter PowerPoint slides

In the Place of Publication field, enter the paper name and number.

In the URL field, enter https://blackboard.aut.ac.nz/

Simeti, C. (2017). Game studies [PowerPoint slides]. DIGM602 Interactive Media Production I. Retrieved from https://blackboard.aut.ac.nz/

Workarounds: Press releases

Resource Reference type Tips Example
Press or media release on a website Web page

In the Type of Medium field, enter Press release

American Psychological Association. (2016). Learning about struggles of famous scientists may help students succeed in science [Press release]. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/news/press/releases/2016/02/famous-scientists-struggle.aspx