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EndNote: Chicago/Turabian Style

Guide to using EndNote, software that helps organise your reference sources. Also allows you to create in text citations and a list of references as you type in Microsoft Word.

FAQ Contents

Click the links below to move to other topics in the FAQs.

 APA 6th Style

• Does EndNote do it all?
• What is APA 6th - AUT X7?
• Wrong style in reference list
• Preview in EndNote looks wrong
• URL for an e-journal article
• APA 6th help

 Attaching Files

• Exporting articles - automatic?
• Attach a PDF
• Other files
• Open a file
• Import a PDF
• DATA folder
• Find Full Text

 Author Names

• Common mistakes
• Corporate author
• Author initials or first names
• Multi-part names
• Omit author from in text citation 
• Corporate author abbreviation

 Chicago/Turabian Style

• What is it?
• Is Chicago/Turabian different from Chicago?
• 'Notes and Bibliography' version
• Get it right in Word
• 'Author Date' version
• Help with footnotes

 EndNote Tools in Word

• EndNote tab/toolbar disappeared
• EndNote Web tab displaying instead of EndNote X6 tab
• EndNote tab/toolbar not installed
• What is CWYW?

 Exporting from Databases

• How to do it
• Errors in exported references
• Does the article come too?
• Mac problem
• Import filters

 Formatting Word Documents

• Wrong style in reference list
• Plain text version
• Thesis chapters
• Computer code showing
• Standalone reference list

 In Text Citations

• Curly brackets
• Delete a citation
• Add page number(s)
• In text citations shifted
• Omit author from in text citation
• Author initials or first names
• Cite a secondary source
• Select Matching Reference error

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What is Chicago/Turabian?

The Chicago/Turabian style is an adaptation of the Chicago style (15th edition) created by Kate Turabian to meet the needs of students. It is explained in detail in her book A manual for writers of research papers, theses, and dissertations: Chicago style for students and researchers and there is a quick online guide here.

The Chicago style and the derived Chicago/Turabian style have two versions:

  • Notes and Bibliography style (or simply Bibliography style) uses footnotes to provide bibliographic information at the foot of the page and, usually, a bibliography at the end of the document. The bibliography contains each of the works cited in the footnotes and may also include other works consulted but not specifically cited. The information included in foototes is usually shortened for repeat citations of the same work. This style is used mainly in the Arts and Humanities.

  • Author Date style uses in text parenthetical citations (similar to APA 6th) and a reference list at the end of the document. It is sometimes called Parenthetical style or Reference List style and is used mainly in the Sciences and Social Sciences.

Note: at AUT University, the School of Art & Design uses the Notes and Bibliography version of the Chicago/Turabian style.

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What is the difference between Chicago style and Chicago/Turabian style?

The Chicago/Turabian style follows closely the 15th edition of the Chicago style but omits some of the details relating to works intended for publication. It aims to be simpler and more appropriate for works written by students and not intended (at least initially) for publication. The main difference between Chicago and Chicago/Turabian (when using the Notes and Bibliography version) is in the way that notes are numbered.

Chicago - footnote begins with a full size number that is not raised. It is followed by a period and a space:

1. Berys Gaut, "Creativity and Rationality," Journal of Aesthetics & Art Criticism 70, no. 3 (2012): 260.

Chicago/Turabian - footnote begins with a superscript number:

¹ Berys Gaut, "Creativity and Rationality," Journal of Aesthetics & Art Criticism 70, no. 3 (2012): 260.

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How do I use EndNote with the 'Notes and Bibliography' version of Chicago/Turabian?

Set the output style in your EndNote library to Turabian Bibliography.

When you want to cite a reference in your Word document, you will first need to add a footnote and then insert the citation from your EndNote library into the footnote. This will also create a bibliography at the end of your document.

Our brief guides will show you how to select the output style, add a footnote and insert a citation in it, and remove a citation:

These guides should be used in conjunction with the Using EndNote X6 workshop notes. You will need Acrobat Reader to download these guides. 

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My Word document doesn't show correct Chicago/Turabian citations in the footnotes - help!

This is because your Word document is set on a different reference style and needs to be re-set to Turabian Bibliography. This is easily put right.

Word 2007/2010 (Windows): Click the EndNote tab. The Style box shows the currently active reference style. Use the drop-down arrow to choose Turabian Bibliography (or click Select Another Style... and then choose Turabian Bibliography). Now click Update Citations and Bibliography.

Word 2008/2011 (Mac): Click the Format Bibliography icon on the EndNote toolbar. The Format Bibliography dialog box will open. Use the drop-down list or the Browse function to select Turabian Bibliography and click OK.

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Is there an EndNote style for the 'Author Date' version of Chicago/Turabian?

Yes. EndNote calls this style Turabian Reference List. It is not included in the styles normally provided with EndNote X4 but can be downloaded from the software provider's website here.

If you have any difficulty in saving this style to your EndNote styles folder, read this page in our guide for advice.

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Where I can find out more about using footnotes with EndNote?

A useful page of information, with clear explanations and lots of tips, is provided by the University of Queensland Library here.

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