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Hauora Māori (Māori Health): Te Tiriti o Waitangi

Maori health initiatives and health promotion

Te Tiriti o Waitangi / Treaty of Waitangi

Ngā Rauemi​

Ministry of Justice. (2017). The Treaty of Waitangi/Te Tiriti o Waitangi. Retrieved from 

  • Background information on the Treaty document, the Treaty principles and the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi. 


Walker, R. (2004). Ka whawhai tonu mātou. Struggle without end. Auckland, New Zealand: Penguin Books.

  • Pages 366-369 looks at the Treaty of Waitangi and provision of health services by Maori for Maori.  Chapter 12 discusses the history and impact of the Waitangi Tribunal. 


Orange, C. (2013). The story of a treaty (2nd. ed.). Wellington, New Zealand: Bridget Williams Books.

  • Background information on the Treaty from its signing in 1840 through to recent times. 


Mulholland, M., & Tawhai, V. (Eds.). Weeping waters: The Treaty of Waitangi and constitutional change. Wellington, New Zealand: Huia Publishers. Also available as an e-book

  • Chapter 1: Constitutional Intentions: The Treaty of Waitangi Texts (pp.13-40)
  • Chapter 6: The Waitangi Tribunal (pp.127-142).


Ngawati, R. & Leatham, B.  (2013). The Treaty of Waitangi and health outcomes within Aotearoa. In S. Shaw, W. L. White & B. Deed (Eds.), Health, wellbeing & environment in Aotearoa New Zealand (pp. 147-161). Melbourne, Australia: Oxford University Press. 

  • This chapter provides an overview of the Treaty of Waitangi, the historical impacts of colonisation, the Treaty in legislation and healthcare, and Māori health policy. 


ClickView. (2018, March 20). The Treaty of Waitangi: An Introduction [Video file]. Retrieved from

  • ​This documentary style program looks at events leading up to the signing, consequences of the signing, the key points of difference in the two versions of the Treaty, the Treaty in the twentieth century, and the founding of the Waitangi Tribunal. There are interviews with New Zealand historians Claudia Orange, Dr Benjamin Pittman (Great-Great Grandson of Maori Chief Patuone) and Mark Derby. This video provides a good introduction to the Treaty and the controversies, and points of contention surrounding it.


Morrison, B. (Director). (1999). Bastion Point: The untold story [DVD]. Auckland, New Zealand: Moko Productions Ltd.

Health focussed Waitangi Tribunal reports and inquiries

Waitangi Tribunal. (2019). Hauora: Report on stage one of the Health Services and Outcomes Kaupapa Inquiry (Report no. Wai 2575). Retrieved from

  • Chapter 2 : Why is this inquiry needed? 
  • Chapter 3 : Treaty principles
  • Chapter 4 : The primary health care legislative and policy framework
  • Chapter 5 : Is the New Zealand Public Health and Disability Act 2000 Treaty-compliant? 
  • Chapter 6 : Are the funding arrangements for the primary health care system Treaty-compliant? 
  • Chapter 7 : Is the way health entities are held to account Treaty-compliant?
  • Chapter 8 : Is partnership for Māori in the primary health care framework Treaty-compliant? 
  • Chapter 9 : Prejudice and recommendations

Background information and media coverage of Wai 2575:


Waitangi Tribunal. (2011). Ko Aotearoa tēnei: A report into claims concerning New Zealand law and policy affecting Māori culture and identity. Te taumata tuatahi (Report no. Wai 262). Retrieved from 

Scroll down to Chapter 7: Rongoā Māori (pp. 211-226). Chapter 7 examines:

  • Māori conceptions of health and well-being,
  • the impact of colonisation on Māori health,
  • the impact of the Tohunga Suppression Act 1907 on rongoā Māori
  • the background to establishment Te Kāhui Rongoā Trust (the national rongoā governance body)


Waitangi Tribunal. (2011). Ko Aotearoa tēnei: A report into claims concerning New Zealand law and policy affecting Māori culture and identity. Te taumata tuarua (Report no. Wai 262). Retrieved from

Scroll down to Chapter 7: Rongoā Māori (pp. 601-657). Chapter 7 contains: 

  • The Tohunga Suppression Act 1907
  • Contemporary government support for rongoā Māori
  • Summary of recommendations


Mills, T. (Producer). (2006). Wai 262 [Streaming video]. Retrieved from

  • In 1991 six iwi took a major claim to the Waitangi Tribunal, encompassing everything from intellectual rights to management of indigenous fauna. Law professor David Williams describes Wai 262 as “the most important claim the tribunal is ever going to hear”. This video interviews key claimants from three Northland iwi. In 2011 the Tribunal’s Wai 262 report recommended major law reform, arguing for Crown and Māori to shift to a forward-thinking relationship of “mutual advantage in which, through joint and agreed action, both sides end up better off”.


Ministry for Women. (2019). Mana Wahine Inquiry. Retrieved from

  • The Mana Wahine Inquiry (Wai 2700) began in 2018 and is ongoing. Interviews and progress updates are available on the Ministry of Women website. 


Oranga Tamariki claim (Wai 2895)
Powerful Māori leaders behind Māori inquiry into Oranga Tamariki 'without notice' uplifts. (2019, June 26). The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved from

Lawyer David Stone has lodged an application for an urgent Waitangi Tribunal hearing into Oranga Tamariki.