A systematic review is commonly characterised by:
A systematic review is considered secondary research because it uses research by others and does not involve a new research project that you are conducting yourself.
Video: Conducting a systematic literature review (3.17 mins). A quick overview and comparison with traditional literature reviews.
The purpose of systematic review is different from that of a traditional literature review.
Traditional (narrative) literature review
A systematic review further
In a traditional literature review, the researcher
See more detailed comparison for both types of reviews in this PDF:
There are four common types of reviews using systematic methods:
|Systematic review||Rapid review||Scoping review||Integrative review|
For a more detailed comparison, see this PDF:
A common feature of these reviews is the goal of reducing bias in the search and selection of studies.
This bias mainly refers to:
A common strategy for reducing bias:
Centre for Evidence Synthesis in Health. (2018, January 4). The steps of a systematic review [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-FQSsnaAtOU
Librarian Carrie Price. (2021, May 18). Systematic vs scoping review: What’s the difference [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YVckIl8_ZCg
Munn, Z., Peters, M. D. J., Stern, C., Tufanaru, C., McArthur, A., & Aromataris, E. (2018). Systematic review or scoping review? Guidance for authors when choosing between a systematic or scoping review approach. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 18, Article 143. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12874-018-0611-x
Munn, Z., Stern, C., Aromataris, E., Lockwood, C., & Jordan, Z. (2018). What kind of systematic review should I conduct? A proposed typology and guidance for systematic reviewers in the medical and health sciences. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 18, Article 5. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12874-017-0468-4
Peters, M. D. J., Godfrey, C., McInerney, P., Munn, Z., Tricco, A. C., Khalil, H. (2020). Scoping reviews. In E. Aromataris, & Z. Munn (Eds.), JBI manual for evidence synthesis. Joanna Briggs Institute. https://doi.org/10.46658/JBIMES-20-12
Peters, M. D. J., Marnie, C., Tricco, A. C., Pollock, D., Munn, Z., Alexander, L., McInerney, P., Godfrey, C. M., & Khalil, H. (2020). Updated methodological guidance for the conduct of scoping reviews. JBI Evidence Synthesis, 18(10), 2119– 2126. https://doi.org/10.11124/JBIES-20-00167
Pringle, J., Mills, K., McAteer, J., Jepson, R., Hogg, E., Anand, N., & Blakemore, S. J. (2016). A systematic review of adolescent physiological development and its relationship with health-related behaviour: A protocol. Systematic Reviews, 5, Article 3. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13643-015-0173-5
Temple University Library (2021, June 11). Systematic reviews & other review types. Retrieved July 8, 2021, from https://guides.temple.edu/c.php?g=78618&p=3879604
Tricco, A. C., Lillie, E., Zarin, W., O'Brien, K., Colquhoun, H., Kastner, M., Levac, D., Ng, C., Sharpe, J. P., Wilson, K., Kenny, M., Warren, R., Wilson, C., Stelfox, H. T., & Straus, S. E. (2016). A scoping review on the conduct and reporting of scoping reviews. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 16(1), 15. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12874-016-0116-4
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Bettany-Saltikov, J. (2016). How to do a systematic literature review in nursing: A step-by-step guide (2nd ed.). Open University Press.
Cranwell, M. (2021). A mixed-methods systematic review of transitions for caregivers of people living with dementia. SAGE.
Muka, T., Glisic, M., Milic, J., Verhoog, S., Bohlius, J. Bramer, W., Chowdhury, R., & Franco, O. H. (2020). A 24-step guide on how to design, conduct, and successfully publish a systematic review and meta-analysis in medical research. European Journal of Epidemiology, 35, 49–60. https://doi,org/10.1007/s10654-019-00576-5
Gough, D., Oliver, S., & Thomas, J. (Eds.). (2017). An introduction to systematic reviews (2nd ed.). SAGE.
Gough, D., Oliver, S., & Thomas, J. (Eds.). (2018). Systematic reviews and research. SAGE.
Biondi-Zoccai, G. (Ed.). (2016). Umbrella reviews: Evidence synthesis with overviews of reviews and meta-epidemiologic studies. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-25655-9
Holly, C., Salmond, S., & Saimbert, M. (2021). Comprehensive Systematic Review for Advanced Practice Nursing (3rd ed.). Springer.
Higgins, J. P. T., Thomas, J., Chandler, J., Cumpston, M., Li, T., Page, M. J., & Welch, V. A. (Eds). (2021). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions version 6.2. Cochrane. https://training.cochrane.org/handbook.
Petticrew, M., & Roberts, H. (2006). Systematic reviews in the social sciences: A practical guide. John Wiley & Sons.
Tawfik, G. M., Dila, K. A. S., Mohamed, M. Y. F., Tam, D. N. H., Kien, N. D., Ahmed, A. M., & Huy, N. T. (2019). A step by step guide for conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis with simulation data. Tropical Medicine Health, 47, Article 46. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41182-019-0165-6
Tod, D. (2019). Conducting systematic reviews in sport, exercise, and physical activity. Palgrave Macmillan.
Toronto, C. E., & Remington, R. (Eds.). (2020). A step-by-step guide to conducting an integrative review. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-37504-1
Zawacki-Richter, O., Kerres, M., Bedenlier, S., Bond, M., & Buntins, K. (Eds.). (2020). Systematic Reviews in Educational Research: Methodology, Perspectives and Application. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-27602-7