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Computer Science

Welcome to your guide to Computer Science research resources.

Referencing standards in APA

New Zealand, Australian, United Kingdom and International standards are not included in APA Manual 7th ed. Treat these standards in a similar way to a report.

Reference format

Author Date Title Source
Organisation Name. (Year). Title of the standard (Standard number). Publisher.  https://xxxx
  • Omit the publisher from the reference when it is the same as the author
     

Examples

Online

Standards New Zealand. (2013). Conditions of contract for building and civil engineering construction (NZS 3910:2013). https://shop-standards-govt-nz

Standards Australia. (2009). Risk management: Principles and guidelines (AS/NZS ISO 31000:2009). http://standards.org.au

Standards Australia & Standards New Zealand.  (2017). Bridge design - Part 6: Steel and composite construction (AS/NZS 5100.6:2017). https://shop-standards-govt-nz

Print
Standards Australia. (2009). Risk management: Principles and guidelines (AS/NZS ISO 31000:2009).

 

Find how to cite in text on the In-text citation page.

Referencing standards in Harvard

In-text citation

(British Standards Institution 1990)

(Standards New Zealand 2013)

Reference list

Using Harvard_AUT style in EndNote

Use these fields: 

Reference type: Standard
Institution: Full name of the institution
Year: Year published
Title: Full title: subtitle
Place published
Document number: BS 5605:1990
URL: If freely available online

Referencing standards in IEEE

Basic Format:

Title of Standard, Standard number, Corporate author, location, date.
Title of Standard, Standard number, date.

Examples:

Parameter Values for Ultra-High Definition Television Systems for Switzerland, Production and International Programme Exchange, Rec. ITU-R BT.2020-2, International Telecommunications Union, Geneva, Switzerland, Oct. 2015.

IEEE Criteria for Class IE Electric Systems, IEEE Standard 308, 1969.

Letter Symbols for Quantities, ANSI Standard Y10.5-1968.

Standard Online Basic Format:

Title of Standard, Standard number, Corporate author, location, date. [Online]. Available: http://www.url.com
Title of Standard, Standard number, date. [Online]. Available: http://www.url.com

Example:

Frequency Response and Bias, NERC Reliability Standard BAL-003-0.1b, May 2009. [Online]. Available: http://www.nerc.com/files/BAL-003-0_1b.pdf

[From the IEEE Referencing Guide]

Referencing patents in APA

Reference format

Author Date Title Source
Inventor, A. B.  (Year patent issued). Title of the patent (Patent number). Source Name. URL
  • Use the patent acceptance date

Examples

Brisebois, A. R., Mikau, J. & Huber, K. (2019). Collection of crowd-sourced access point data for 5G or other next generation network (U.S. Patent 20190200254 A1). U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. http://patft.uspto.gov

Kasabov, N. K. (2010). Data analysis and predictive systems and related methodologies (N.Z. Patent 572036).  New Zealand Intellectual Property Office. https://app.iponz.govt.nz/app/Extra/IP/Mutual/Browse.aspx?sid=637094081061108163

Kasabov, N.K., Hou, Z., Feigin, V. & Chen, Y. (2015). Improved method and system for predicting outcomes based on spatio / spectro-temporal data (WIPO Patent WO/2015/030606). World Intellectual Property Organization. https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2015030606

Standards and patents use the style for reports and gray literature in the APA 7th Manual, section 10.4.

Find how to cite in text on the In-text citation page.