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Find and use information

Models of evaluation

Rauru Whakarare Evaluation Framework


                              Angela Feekery and Carla Jeffery 2018

By Dr. Angela Feekery & Carla Jeffrey with Sheeanda McKeagg & Hinerangi Karato.


Misinformation and disinformation

covid-19 infographic

How to check your sources using the 5Ws

The type of information you use in a situation depends on your purpose or need in that situation. At University you are required to use credible and relevant information sources, such as academic journal articles.

TRAAP test - another way to evaluate information


  • Timeliness
    • Find the date of publication (or copyright)
    • Is this date appropriate for your research?
  • Relevance
    • Does the information relate to your topic?
    • Can you use this information to support the argument you wish to make?
  • Authority
    • Is the author or creator identified?
    • Does he or she have relevant qualifications?
    • Who is the publisher?
    • Web - Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source? examples: .com .edu .gov .org .ne
  • Accuracy
    • Is the information supported by references?
    • Does the content seem neutral and free of emotion?
    • Are there errors in spelling or grammar?
  • Purpose
    • Is the information brief or detailed?
    • What group of readers (audience) is the information for?
    • What is the purpose of the content? Is it to educate, inform, entertain or sell?
    • Is the content scholarly or popular?

TRAAP model for evaluating sources (video)

Evaluating news

IFLA fake news covid


















IFLA [CC BY 4.0 (]

Keepin' it real - tips and strategies for evaluating fake news - Library guide from William H. Hannon Library, Loyola Marymount University , Los Angeles.

Critiquing research


To critique literature properly requires more in-depth engagement with the text.  Remember to check with your lecturer and with the learning outcomes of your course to ensure you meet expectations.

Evaluating resources

Test your knowledge