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APA 6th Referencing Style Guide

This guide introduces the APA referencing style with examples of citation styles for different types of resources.

Lecture notes

Lectures or course notes in AUT Blackboard

If your assignments/essays use opinions from course notes or PowerPoints created by your lecturers in AUT Blackboard, you should cite these sources in the reference list. 

Reference format

Author, Initial. (Year). Title of presentation [Format of the document]. Name of the paper. Retrieved from

Reference list entry:

Furbish, D. (2009). Developmental career theory [Course notes]. Work in Careers 297300. Retrieved from

PowerPoints in Blackboard

Reference list entry:

Mpofu, C. (2019). Defining ethics and morals [PowerPoint slide]. HEAL504 Lifespan Development and Communication. Retrieved from

In-text citation:

.... the significance of developing career maturity as people grow in experience and life skills (Furbish, 2009).

Your own notes from a lecture or class

  • Treat these as personal communications in text.
  • Your notes can't be retrieved by someone else so don't include them as an entry in your reference list.