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APA 6th Referencing Style Guide

This guide introduces the APA referencing style with examples of citation styles for different types of resources.


Standards reference format:

Organization That Made the Standard. (year). Title of the standard (Standard No. 1234). Retrieved from http://xxxxx

Reference list examples:


Standards New Zealand. (2013). Conditions of contract for building and civil engineering construction (NZS 3910:2013). Retrieved from https://shop-standards-govt-nz

Standards Australia. (2009). Risk management: Principles and guidelines (AS/NZS ISO 31000:2009). Retrieved from


Standards Australia. (2009). Risk management: Principles and guidelines (AS/NZS ISO 31000:2009). Homebush, NSW: Standards Australia.

In-text citation:

(Standards New Zealand, 2013)

(Standards Australia, 2009)

Note: If it is a joint standard use the first organisation.


Patents reference format:

Surname, A. B. (year). Patent Identifier No. xxx. Location: Source Name.

Reference list examples:

Kasabov, N. K. (2010). N.Z. Patent No. 572036. Wellington, New Zealand: New Zealand Intellectual Property Office.

Fry, A. L. (1993). U.S. Patent No. 5,194,299. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

In-text citation:

(N.Z. Patent No. 572036, 2010)
or N.Z. Patent No. 572036 (2010)

U.S. Patent No. 5,194,299 (1993) 
or (U.S. Patent No. 5,194,299, 1993)


  • The title of the patent is not included in the reference.
  • Use the Patent number for the in-text citation.  
  • Give the date the patent was issued rather than the application date.