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Chicago Referencing Guide

Notes-Bibliography Style

Newspaper articles - general pattern

In most cases, you can cite newspaper articles only in notes. Include them in your bibliography only if they are critical to your argument or frequently cited.

Print newspaper


#. Author's First Name Last Name, "Title of Article: Subtitle," Name of Newspaper, Date of Publication.


Author's Last Name, First Name. "Title of Article: Subtitle." Name of Newspaper, Date of Publication.

Online newspaper


#. Author's First Name Last Name, "Title of Article: Subtitle," Name of Newspaper, Date of Publication, URL or Database Name.


Author's Last Name, First Name. "Title of Article: Subtitle." Name of Newspaper, Date of Publication. URL or Database Name.


  • Use the author's name as it is given in the byline of the article. This may be a press organisation, such as the Associated Press.
  • If there is no byline, begin the citation with the article title.


16. Tamsyn Parker, "More Kiwis Living Pay Day to Pay Day," New Zealand Herald, December 7, 2017.

17. Associated Press, "New Dinosaur Looks Like Odd Mix of Duck, Croc, Ostrich, Swan," Stuff (Auckland), December 7, 2017,

18. "No More Graffiti at the Duomo," Florentine, February 26, 2017.

Name of newspaper

  • Omit any initial The in the name of the newspaper.
  • If the name does not include a location, add the city of publication in brackets after the title.

Page numbers

Omit page numbers, even for printed newpapers, because a newspaper might be printed in various different editions with differing page numbers.

Citing newspapers in text

You can also cite an article directly in your text, rather than in your notes, by including key elements in a sentence: the author (if any), the name and date of the newspaper.

In a Guardian article on social consciousness and fashion (December 7, 2017), Tamsin Blanchard discusses innovative brands who are turning trash into luxury accessories.