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Chicago Referencing Guide

Notes-Bibliography Style

What are tables and figures?

Tables and figures are used alongside your academic writing, to present information visually.

  • Tables are laid out in grids, with information (numerical or textual) arranged in rows and columns
  • Figures is a broad category that includes photographs, drawings, maps, diagrams, charts and graphs

Together, tables and figures are sometimes referred to as illustrations.

For help with placement and layout of illustrations in the body of your document, refer to the Turabian Manual for Writers, Chapter 26 (available in the AUT Library), or consult the Chicago Manual of Style Online, Chapter 3.

Source lines

You must acknowledge the source of any data used in your tables or figures that you did not collect yourself. You can do this with a source line:

  • A source line can be a footnote to a table or part of the caption for a figure
  • For tables, begin the source line with Source(s):
  • Cite the source like a note, including the original table or figure number, or page number
  • Unless you cite the same source elsewhere in your writing, you do not need to include it in your bibliography
  • If you have adapted the data from the original, include adapted from in the source line
  • For images that you did not create yourself, include an acknowledgement of the creator

Note: If you are planning to include images that you did not create yourself in your exegesis, thesis, or dissertation, remember that you need the permission of the copyright owner before you can submit it. See the Theses and Dissertations guide for more on this issue.