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APA 7th Referencing Style Guide

Citing audiovisual media

  • To quote directly from an audiovisual work (e.g., audiobook, TED Talk, TV show), provide a time stamp from the beginning of the quotation, in place of a page number
  • Audiovisual media may have audio and visual components (e.g., films, TV shows, YouTube videos) or it may have only audio (e.g., music, speech recordings) or visual components (e.g., artwork, PowerPoint slides, photographs)
  • Reference list formatting varies slightly for these different types of audiovisual media, as shown in the tables below
  • See individual audiovisual formats for more guidance and examples

Reference format for standalone audiovisual media

Author Date Title

Publisher

URL

Director, D. D. (Director).

Producer, P. P. (Executive Producer).

Host, H. H. (Host).

Artist, A. A.

Uploader, U. U.

(2020).

(1989-present).

(2013-2019).

(2019, July 21).

Title of work [Description].

Production Company.

Label.

Museum Name, Museum Location.

Department Name, University Name.

https://xxxxxx

 

Reference format for visual media that is part of a greater whole

Author Date Title

Publisher

URL

Writer, W. W. (Writer). & Director, D. D. (Director).

Producer, P. P. (Executive Producer).

Host, H. H. (Host).

Artist, A. A.

Uploader, U. U.

(2020).

(2020, March 26).

Title of episode (Season No., Episode No.) [Description].

Title of song [Description].

In P. P. Producer (Executive Producer), Title of TV series. Production Company.

In Title of podcast. Production Company.

On Title of album. Label. 

https://xxxxxx

Retrieved August
27, 2020, from
https://xxxxxx

  • [Description] means the type of audiovisual media, such as [Film], [TV series], [Song] or [Clip art]