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APA 7th Referencing Style Guide

Reports and grey (gray) literature

  • Reports include annual reports, government reports, technical reports and research reports.
  • Grey literature includes press releases, codes of ethics, grants, policy briefs and other unpublished research.

Reference format

Who  When  What  Where  

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B.

Name of Group.


(Year, Month day)

Title of the report.

Title of the report (Report No. 123).

Title of the grey literature [Description].

Publisher Name. DOI or URL
  • It is optional, but sometimes helpful to describe the type of material in brackets after the title
  • If the publisher is the same as the author, omit the publisher from the source element


Annual report

Fletcher Building Limited. (2019). Annual report 2019.

Radio New Zealand. (2019). Trust is a Taonga: Radio New Zealand annual report 2018/2019.

Government report

Chiswell, S. & Grant, B. (2019). New Zealand coastal sea surface temperature (Report No. CR388). National Institute of Water & Atmospheric Research.

Code of ethics

Engineering New Zealand. (2016). Code of ethical conduct.

Press release

BusinessNZ. (2019, October 9). New Zealand 19th most competitive [Press release].

From a database

Euromonitor International. (2019). Sleep aids in New Zealand [Country report]. Passport.

MarketLine. (2018). Hotels & motels in New Zealand [Industry profile]. MarketLine. 

  • Provide the name of the database when the publication is original and is only available in that database


Find how to cite in text on the In-text citation page.

Waitangi Tribunal reports

Print report

Waitangi Tribunal. (2015). He Whiritaunoka: The Whanganui land report (Report No. Wai 903). Legislation Direct.

Online report   

Waitangi Tribunal. (2015). He Whiritaunoka: The Whanganui land report (Report No. Wai 903).