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APA 7th Referencing Style Guide

Standards

New Zealand, Australian, United Kingdom and International standards are not included in APA Manual 7th ed. Treat these standards in a similar way to a report.

Reference format

Author Date Title Source
Organisation Name. (Year). Title of the standard (Standard number). Publisher.  https://xxxx
  • Omit the publisher from the reference when it is the same as the author
     

Examples

Online

Standards New Zealand. (2013). Conditions of contract for building and civil engineering construction (NZS 3910:2013). https://shop-standards-govt-nz

Standards Australia. (2009). Risk management: Principles and guidelines (AS/NZS ISO 31000:2009). http://standards.org.au

Standards Australia & Standards New Zealand.  (2017). Bridge design - Part 6: Steel and composite construction (AS/NZS 5100.6:2017). https://shop-standards-govt-nz

Print
Standards Australia. (2009). Risk management: Principles and guidelines (AS/NZS ISO 31000:2009).

 

Find how to cite in text on the In-text citation page.

Patents

Reference format

Author Date Title Source
Inventor, A. B.  (Year patent issued). Title of the patent (Patent number). Source Name. URL
  • Use the patent acceptance date

Examples

Kasabov, N. K. (2010). Data analysis and predictive systems and related methodologies (N.Z. Patent 572036).  New Zealand Intellectual Property Office. https://app.iponz.govt.nz/app/Extra/IP/Mutual/Browse.aspx?sid=637094081061108163

Brisebois, A. R., Mikau, J. & Huber, K. (2019). Collection of crowd-sourced access point data for 5G or other next generation network (U.S. Patent 20190200254 A1). U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. http://patft.uspto.gov

 

Find how to cite in text on the In-text citation page.