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APA 7th Referencing Style Guide

Websites & webpages

Use the webpages and websites category only if there is no other reference category that fits, and the work has no parent or overarching publication (e.g. journals, reports, social media, conference papers) other than the website itself.

If you use multiple webpages from a website, create a reference for each.

PDFs from websites:

  • May be articles or reports. If this is the case, use the appropriate reference type to reference them.
  • If PDF documents don't fit any other reference category, then reference them as web documents.

Citing an entire website

If you mention a website in general, do not create a reference list entry, instead include the name of the website in the text and provide the URL in parentheses - for examples:

I created this survey using SurveyMonkey (
Kidspsyche is a wonderful interactive website for children (


Reference format

Who When What Where 

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B.


Name of Group.



(Year, Month).


(Year, Month date)


Title of the work: Subtitle. Website name.



Retrieved Month Day, Year, from https://xxxxxx

  • When the author name and the website name are the same, omit the website name in the reference


  • Specific date: Provide the most specific date possible
  • Retrieval date: Include a retrieval date only when the content is designed to change over time and the page is not archived e.g. survey data for an ongoing project, or a sports league’s page that updates its schedule and results as the season proceeds
  • Last updated: If a webpage includes a "last updated" date, use the date for the reference
  • Copyright: Do not use a copyright date from a webpage or website footer because this date may not indicate when the content on the site was published. You may use the copyright date applied to the content that you are citing 
  • No date: If there isn't a date is indicated for the work on the webpage, treat the work as having no date
  • Group authors: Do not use abbreviations for group authors in references. Abbreviations of group authors can be used in in-text citations, check the rules on the In-text citation page.

For more information see the APA Manual p289.


Webpage on a website with an individual author

Sparks, D. (2019). Women's wellness: Lifestyle strategies ease some bladder control problems. Mayo Clinic.

Monaghan, E. (2019, December 10). 5 reasons modern slavery at sea is still possible in 2019. Greenpeace.  

Webpage on a website with a group author

Ministry of Health. (2018, August 2). Maori disability support services

  • When the author and site name are the same, omit the site name

Webpage on a website with a government agency group author

New Zealand Medicines and Medical Devices Safety Authority. (2014, May 28). Important changes to the definition of medicines and medical devices effective 1 July 2014. Ministry of Health.

  • Include the names of parent agencies in the source element

Webpage on a website with no date

Athletics New Zealand. (n.d.). Form a new club 

Webpage on a website with a retrieval date

Worldometer. (n.d.). Current world population. Retrieved January 16, 2020, from

  • Include a retrieval date when the content is designed to change over time and the page is not archived.

Clinical guideline on the Auckland District Health Board website:

Stirling, J., Hamer, M., & Hughes, B. (2016, July 29). Dopamine for use in paediatric cardiology. Auckland District Health Board. Retrieved January 28, 2020, from


Find how to cite in text on the In-text citation page.



Global warming. (2019, December 9). In Wikipedia.

  • AUT Library recommends that students should use a wide range of academic sources and not rely upon Wikipedia for their research

Wiki site - no date

Psychometric assessment. (n.d.). In The psychology wiki. Retrieved January 28, 2009, from

  • Cite the archived version of the page so that readers can retrieve the version you used
  • Access the archived version on Wikipedia by selecting "View history" and then the time and date of the version you used
  • If a wiki does not provide permanent link to the version you used, include the URL for the entry and the retrieval date


Find how to cite in text on the In-text citation page.

Web documents

Web documents are files such as PDFs or Word documents which you can access via a webpage or website. You can generally download and save these to your device.

Reference format

Who When What Where 
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B.



Name of Group.




(Year, Month).




(Year, Month date)     

Title of the work. In Title of the series. https://xxxxxx



Retrieved from https://xxxxxx

  • Look for the author of the web document on the document itself or in the URL.
  • Use Title of the series only if known.


Examples of web documents:

Data sheets. For example, Augmentin data sheet
Brochures. For example, Breastfeeding your baby 
Prospectus. For example, AUT prospectus 

Examples of reference format:

Auckland University of Technology. (2021). Prospectus 2023. Retrieved from

GlaxoSmithKline NZ. (2024, February 13). Augmentin (version 13.0). New Zealand Data Sheets, Medsafe.

Ministry of Health. (2021, December). Breastfeeding your baby. Retrieved from