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APA 7th Referencing Style Guide

General Guidelines

Tables  usually show numerical values or textual information. 

 

Table  Components:

  • Number: The table number (e.g. Table 1) appears  above the table  in bold font 
  • Title: The table  title appears one double-spaced line below the table number in italic title case
  • Headings: All tables should include column headings, including  a heading for the leftmost column (stub heading)
  • Body:  The table body includes all the rows and columns of a table.  The body may be single space, one and  a half spaced, or double spaced
  • Note: A note can appear below the table to describe the contents of the table  that cannot be understood from the table title or body alone, (e.g. definitions of abbreviations, copyright attribution). Notes are double-spaced and flush left. Not all tables include table notes

 

General rules:

  • In the text, refer to every table by its number. For example, As shown in Table 1, ... (no italics, but with capital T)
  • There are two options for the placement of tables in a paper. The first option is to place all tables on separate pages after the reference list. The second option is to embed each ftable3 within the text
  • If you reprint or adapt a table from another source in your paper (e.g. a table from a published work), you must include a copyright attribution in the table  note indicating the origin of the reprinted or adapted material in addition to a reference list entry for the work
  • Important notes: Reproduce or adapt copyrighted tables/data sets in your thesis or dissertation or other publications - you must get permission from the copyright holder/s for using the material in your thesis or dissertation or other publications. You may not need permission when a reprinted or adapted figure is obtained from the public domain. Works used Creative Commons licences should be cited accordingly. 

Check  the APA Style website for an illustration of the basic table  component and placement of tables in a text

More information & examples from the  APA Style Manual p199–224.-224) 

From a book

Table reproduced in your text

Note format - for notes below the table
Note. Adapted/Reprinted fromTitle of Book(page number), by Author First Initial. Second Initial. Surname, Year, Publisher. Copyright Year by the Name of Copyright Holder.
Example

In-text citation:
...as shown in Table 1, no compensation...


Table referred to and not reproduced in text

If you simply refer to a table, format the in-text citation and the reference list entry as for books

In-text citation:
....fifty eight percentage received compensation (Rasmussen, 2009).
Reference list:
Rasmussen, E. J. (2009). Employment relations in New Zealand (2nd ed.). Pearson.

From an article

Table reproduced in the text

Note format - for notes below the table

Note. Adapted/Retrieved/Reprinted from "Title of  Article" by Author First Initial. Second Initial. Surname, Year, Journal TitleVolume(issue), page(s). Copyright Year by the Name of Copyright Holder.
 
Example: 

Table 2

The Ratio of the Value of Newly Acquired Loans to Acquisition Target

Note. Reprinted from “When Salespeople Manage Customer

Relationships: Multidimensional Incentives and Private Information,”

by M. Kim, K. Sudhir, K. Uetake, and  R. Caneles, 2019, Journal of

Marketing, 56(5), p. 765. Copyright 2019 by the American Marketing Association.

In-text citation:

.. as shown in Table 4 

... the ratio of the value (see Table 4)   

Reference list:

Kim, M., Sudhir, K., Uetake, K., & Canales, R. (2019). When salespeople manage customer relationships: Multidimensional incentives and private information. Journal of Marketing Research, 56(5), 749–766. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022243719847661

 

Table referred to but not reproduced or included in the text

If you simply refer to a table, format the in-text citation and the reference list entry as for articles.

In-text citation:
.....(Kim et al, 2019)  
Reference list:

Kim, M., Sudhir, K., Uetake, K., & Canales, R. (2019). When salespeople manage customer relationships: Multidimensional incentives and private information. Journal of Marketing Research, 56(5), 749–766. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022243719847661

From a Library database

Table reproduced in your text

Note format - below the table

Note. General notes, including definitions of abbreviations. Title of the database. Copyright year by the Name of Copyright Holder.
Example:

Table 3

Percentage of Men and Women Who Have Bought Fruit and Vegetable Products in the Last Four Weeks

Note. wc = weighted count, shown in thousands; v% =vertical percentage,

showing which % of the column group also belongs to the row group;

h% = horizontal percentage. Roy Morgan Single Source

New Zealand. Copyright 2015 by Roy Morgan Single Source New Zealand. 

 

In-text citation:

.... as shown in Table 3

Reference list:

Roy Morgan New Zealand. (2015). Percentage of men and women who have bought fruit and vegetable products in the last four weeks, April- December, 2015 [Table]. Roy Morgan Single Source New Zealand.


Table referred to but not reproduced in the text

In-text citation:

... fewer men than women bought vegetables (Roy Morgan, New Zealand, 2010).

Reference list:

Roy Morgan New Zealand. (2010). Percentage of men and women who have bought fruit/vegetables in the last seven days, August 2009-July [Table]. Roy Morgan Single Source New Zealand.

From a website

Table reproduced in your text

Note format - for notes below the table
Note. Include the title of the document if the table title does not provide enough information. Adapted/Reprinted from Source website. Copyright Year by Name of copyright Holder.
Example:

Table 4

Percentage of New Zealand Population Who Have Never Worked by Age Group.

June 2016 quarter

Age group (years)

Never-worked group
(% of total age group)

15–19

 48.5

 20–24

 8.4

 25–29

 3.4

 30–34

 1.8

 35–39

 1.5


Note. Adapted from http://www.stats.govt.nz/browse_for_stats/income-and-work/employment_

and_unemployment/people-never-worked.aspx. Copyright 2016 by Statistics New Zealand. 

In-text citation:
... as shown in Table 2, young people make up most of the never-worked group ...  
Use the reference style for websites
 

Table referred to but not reproduced in the text

If you refer to a table but don’t provide a copy of it in your assessment, simply give an in-text citation as for websites.

In-text citation:

...twenty four year olds who never worked (Statistics New Zealand, 2016).

Reference list:

Statistics New Zealand. (2016). Percentage of New Zealand population who have never worked, June 2016 quarter [Table].  http://www.stats.govt.nz/browse_for_stats/income-and-work/employment_and_unemployment/people-never-worked.aspx