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APA 7th Referencing Style Guide


A footnote is a brief note that provides additional content or copyright attribution.  Any type of paper may include footnotes.  They are not used for references in APA style.

Content footnotes

  • Supplement information in the text
  • Should be included only if they strengthen the discussion

Copyright attribution

  • Copyright attribution is required in a footnote when reproducing lengthy quotations or test/scale items in text
  • Copyright attribution is used instead of in-text citation, but a reference list entry is required
  • Format and examples: Concise guide to APA style, p. 209-210


For further information see the APA Manual p. 40.


Appendices can be used to supplement the paper's content.  Include an appendix only if it helps readers understand, evaluate or replicate the study or theoretical argument.

Appendices are added after the reference list.

For more information see the APA Manual p. 41.