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APA 7th Referencing Style Guide

Film

Reference format

Who When What Where

Director, D. D. (Director).

(Year).

Title of work [Description]. Production Company.

Film

Waititi, T. (Director). (2016). Hunt for the Wilderpeople [Film]. Piki Films.

Film in another language

Mills, T. (Director). (2001). Te pō uriuri [The enveloping light] [Film; special ed. on DVD]. Tawera Productions.

  • When a film title is in a different language, include a translation of the title in square brackets

 

Find how to cite in text on the In-text citation page.

Television

Reference format for TV series

Who When What Where  

Producer, P. P. (Executive Producer).

(Date range).

Title of work [Description]. Production Company

https://xxxx

Example

Benioff, D., Weiss, D. B., Strauss, C., Doelger, F., Caulfield, B., Cogman, B., Sapochnik, M., & Nutter, D. (Executive Producers). (2011–2019). Game of thrones [TV series]. Television 360; Grok! Television; Generator Entertainment; Startling Television; Bighead Littlehead.

  • Include the names of all executive producers and production companies, unless there are more than 20. See the Authors section for more on multiple authors
  • When the series spans multiple years, use an en dash to separate the years: (2001–2009). If the series is still airing, replace the second year with the word "present": (2017–present)

Reference format for TV series episode or webisode

Who When What Where  

Writer, W. W. (Writer), & Director, D. D. (Director).

(Date range).

Title of episode (Season No., Episode No.) [Description]. In P. P. Producer (Executive Producer), Title of TV series. Production Company.

https://xxxx

Junge, A. (Writer), & Lembeck, M. (Producer). (1999, February 11). The one where everybody finds out (Season 5, Episode 14) [TV series episode]. In D. Crane, M. Kauffman, K. S. Bright, M. Curtis, A. Chase, & G. Malins (Executive Producers), Friends. Bright/Kauffman/Crane Productions; Warner Bros. Television.

  • Include writer(s) and the director for the episode
  • Include other contributor roles (such as "Executive Director") in parentheses after each contributor's name

 

Find how to cite in text on the In-text citation page.

YouTube or other streaming video

Who When What Where  

Uploader, U. U.

(Year, Month Day).

Title of work [Description]. Streaming video site.

https://xxxx

Group author

MSNBC. (2020, January 7). Julián Castro endorses Elizabeth Warren [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uk2Tzc8H5po

Individual author

Cady, A. (2012, June 7). 30% (Women and politics in Sierra Leone) [Video]. Vimeohttps://vimeo.com/43595116

Green, J., & Green, H. [vlogbrothers]. (2019, December 11). Living with a chronic illness [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rr8wIiypS_g

  • The person or group who uploaded the video is credited as the author, even if they did not create the work. Note the names of those who appear in the video in your writing if desired (see TED talk for an example)
  • If both an author's real name and username are known, provide the real name followed by the username in square brackets
  • If the real name of the author is unknown, use just the username as the name. Do not abbreviate the username and do not put it in square brackets

 

Find how to cite in text on the In-text citation page.

TED talk

From TED website

Fonda, J. (2019, December). Why I protest for climate justice [Video]. TED Conferences. https://www.ted.com/talks/jane_fonda_why_i_protest_for_climate_justice

From YouTube

TED. (2020, January 7). Cornelia Geppert: A video game that helps us understand loneliness [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oMBVxhO57JE

  • As with other YouTube videos, the person or group who uploads the video is credited as the author, even if they did not create the work
  • When the speaker is not listed as the author, integrate their name into your writing if desired. For example:

Geppert discusses ways her video game explores themes of loneliness and self-doubt (TED, 2020).

 

Find how to cite in text on the In-text citation page.

Recorded webinar

Example

Mattingley, J. (2019). Science meets practice: Understanding attention in health and disease [Webinar]. Australian Psychological Society. https://www.psychology.org.au/Event/20847

 

Find how to cite in text on the In-text citation page.